Military Sketches, Classical Roman Age (Individuals) part 2

Well, here’s another set of sketches of soldiers and historical designs and symbols continuing the previous one, about Renaissance 16th-17th century figures, here’s another individual sketches set. This time, it is all on military figures with their country’s symbol and designs as well as descriptions from the Classical Age in Ancient times, this time going backwards in time. Here are 7 individual sketches, one ancient rimes nation in it with a military figure as a sample unit of their army to visualize how the soldiers of each ancient kingdom or empire looked different from each other, rather than the sample soldier, there is the country’s seal in each of the 7, and a cultural design in each of based on the country. Each of the 7 sheets have an ancient kingdom, empire, or confederation in each from all over the known world in the ancient Classical days from 300BC-200AD; Rome, Macedonia (Greece), Parthia, Carthage, Egypt, Gaul, and Britain; basically in the time of the Romans. This is all basically set in Roman times, with Rome leading, however it is not all about Rome but descriptions of the powers of that time. The descriptions of each ancient kingdom or empire is widely mentioned rather than the description of the soldier. In particular, these sample soldier units and descriptions are based on each of the factions of the Total War game series, Rome Total War II, which I based it on inspired by the game I have played before…. (7 sketches drawn last March-April 2014, posted only now)

I. Rome- The Roman Republic/ Roman Empire, 300BC-200AD; “strength, honor, duty”

Rome- starting as a small city state in Italy, through time the power ruling the world in the Mediterranean, Europe, west Asia, and North Africa all in one empire based in Rome. Throughout the years, having wars defending themselves from outsider enemies leading them to conquer and expand through time defeating their enemies from nearby to distant lands, grew powerful through many years and centuries by military strength and victory. The republic turned full-time empire, known for political skills and military strength.

The Roman faction
The Roman faction

The Romans- Culture type: Roman (Latin), from Italy; Origins/ base: Rome, Italy (with a few Greek origins); System: Republican(500BC-30BC)/ Imperial(30BC-300AD); Skills: Building, Politics, military conquest and power, excellent armies.

Sample Soldier unit- Legionary, Praetorian cohort forces, or special forces. army class; high-ranked guardsman soldier or praetorian, blue color coded; weapons used are sword (gladius), dagger (pugio), javelin (pilum), and legionnaire’s heavy defense shield for shield-wall formation; armor used are heavy armor sets of Roman legionnaire chest-armor, leg protection, praetorian soldier’s helmet, and blue cape; in battle a heavy armed defensive soldier.

Others: Rome’s official seal of the eagle and wreath with the symbol SPQR, with the Roman helmet, sword, and shield, above the Roman imperial gold pattern and red background.

II. Macedonia- The Macedonian Greek Empire, 400-140BC; “glory, order, power”

Macedonia (Greece)- First the several Greek city states of Athens, Sparta, Corinth etc. then the Greek kingdom of Macedonia builds up to be the leading Greek power in a short period of time conquering all the lands of the east but lasting shortly too. Their world power empire then was divided into 3, Macedonia, Seleucid Empire, and Ptolemaic Egypt Empire minimizing the real power of Macedonia, which became one of the successor kingdoms of Alexander the Great’s empire which he built earlier but divided to 3, Macedonia did not grow again to be a world power but lost its power and strength after time. When becoming smaller and weaker, the Macedonian kingdom lost Illyria and Greece but also allied with them but afterwards all of Macedonia and the nearby lands of Illyria, Thrace, and Greece were taken over by the growing empire of the Romans.

The Macedonian faction
The Macedonian faction

The Macedonians/ Greeks- Culture type: completely Greek; Origins/ base: Macedonia, kingdom in Greece; System: Republican (sort of democracy) however more of monarchy ruling the Macedonian kingdom/ empire (350-140BC); Skills: military power and conquest, having a strong army and navy having elephants, hoplites, heavy warships; secondary skills are alliances, diplomacy, with trade and commerce.

Sample Soldier unit- Greek Hoplite, or special forces infantry; type of soldier, special forces of the ancient Greeks (pike-man or spear-man); a high-ranked soldier unit in the Macedonian Greek army; weapon choices of Greek spear, sword, dagger, and hoplite’s round shield; armor used includes Greek hoplite cuirass armor, hoplite helmet, and protection for arms and legs; in battle, the close-combat melee warrior.

Others: The official Macedonian Empire seal of the sun or Apollo, the Spartan Greek shield and helmet, and above the pattern of the Greek chain.

III. Egypt- The Ptolemaic Egyptian Empire, 300-30BC; “legacy, independence, power”

The new Egyptian Empire- Egypt was once a powerful kingdom way back in the ancient days, however destroyed by the Persian Empire, but restored after Macedonian conquest. Egypt under the short Macedonian Empire became a succession kingdom to Macedonia once the empire was divided in 3; the other 2, Macedonian and Seleucid Empire, Egypt was the 3rd becoming the Ptolemaic Empire, it grew even more powerful and progressive than Macedonia. This restored Egyptian empire had a mix of both Greek and ancient Egyptian cultures, but more of Greek as it came directly from Macedonia, but having great progress. The Egyptians having a strong army made of Greek battle styles and units but a stronger navy as it is located in the south-east of the Mediterranean, based in Alexandria. It was in full power with the navy and trade but later on, it ended up being defeated and fully taken over by Rome.

The Egyptian faction
The Egyptian faction

The Ptolemaic Egyptians- Culture type: Greek (formerly Egyptian but not existing); Origins/ base: Egypt, Macedonia; System: kingdom/ empire (300-30BC); Skills: Naval power with powerful navy, outstanding army of Greek skills, hoplites, skirmishers, elephants, cataphract cavalry; skills also include building, shipping, and trade.

Sample Soldier unit- Egyptian light infantry peltast; soldier type, skirmisher javelin men, or missile infantry, middle-ranked soldier; weapon choices of curved sword, skirmisher light shield, throwing javelins set; armor used include Egyptian light armor, skirmisher light helmet, and protection for arms and legs; in battle, a range fighter, missile throwing.

Others: The Ptolemaic Egypt empire’s official seal of the eagle and blue background, an Greek-Egyptian helmet, a light shield, above the traditional Egyptian pattern.

IV. Parthia- The Parthian Empire from the east, 200BC-200AD; “tolerance, justice, profit”

The Parthian/ Persian Empire- Parthia was once before a small province within the Persian Empire in the east then ruled by the Seleucid Empire, the other succession kingdom to Macedonia. Parthia then rose up and fought the Seleucid Empire for their independence and crushed the Seleucid Empire beginning to expand Parthian territory controlling a big part of the east (Parthia, Persia, Babylon, and Syria. Parthia grew to the leading power in the east by conquests and by their wealth and riches which they have a lot of. Was later, the rival of the world power Roman Empire that bordered it in terms of wealth and power, fought wars after each other with Rome, though Rome never conquered them or Parthia never conquered the Romans. Parthia though has eastern origins and traditions but has a mix of Greek and eastern cultures as they tolerated all cultures; they remained dominant in power and Rome never conquered them.

The Parthian faction
The Parthian faction

The Parthians- Culture type: Eastern; Origins/ base: Parthia, Persia; System: kingdom/ empire (200BC-200AD); Skills: military conquest and power, having different types of units like cataphract units, spear-men, cataphract cavalry, cavalry archers, camel cavalry; also known for gold and wealth, trade, farming, and hunting.

Sample Soldier Unit- Parthian Cataphract cavalry; soldier type, heavy armed cavalry (though seen without horse), both archer and special forces with multi-weaponry, a high-ranking special force cavalry soldier; weapon choices of Persian sword, rectangular shield, cavalry spear, with a bow and arrows too; armor used includes Parthian cataphract heavy armor with chain-mail, heavy helmet covering face, with cavalry soldier’s cape; in battle, the type that uses any battle style especially in cavalry, both close-combat, spearing, and archery

Others: The Parthian empire’s official seal of the Persian lion, a Persian sword and shield, and above the Persian ornate pattern

V. Carthage- The Carthaginian Republic, 500-140BC; “democracy, commerce, faith”

The Carthaginian Republic- Carthage is based in the Mediterranean coast of North Africa, where Tunisia is today, however Carthage’s origins are from Phoenicia; started out as a Phoenician-Greek colony but grew to power in the Mediterranean.Carthage, just like Rome was a republic not a monarchy, it grew by naval power and strength; it conquered lands around it in the Mediterranean, all over North Africa, Spain, and parts of Italy with their powerful navy but also by trade. Carthage took trade and business more seriously than war and especially their ships, though their empire expanded by shipping and military conquests using Greek army units and elephants. Soon became Rome’s imperial rival and fought the series of the Punic Wars with Rome, at the end was defeated and destroyed by the Romans. Known for commerce, trade, and battle strategies.

The Carthaginian faction
The Carthaginian faction

The Carthaginians- Culture type: Phoenician (Greek-like race); Origins/ base: Carthage, North Africa (originally from Phoenicia; System: Republic (Democracy), around 800Bc-146BC; Skills: navy, shipping, trade, businesses, and military conquest and strategies using elephants, hoplites, skirmishers in battle.

Sample Soldier unit- Carthaginian Hoplite (Legionnaire); soldier type, light infantry skirmisher, middle-ranking hybrid hoplites using skirmishing weapons instead of spear; weapon choices of curved sword, hoplite skirmisher light shield, and set of javelins; armor used is light leather protection armor, over chain-mail, skirmisher helmet, and arm and leg pads, with cape; in battle, a range fighter or skirmisher, uses throwing skills

Others: The official seal of the Carthaginian Republic (from Rome Total War II) using a Phoenician symbol, below a Carthaginian helmet, and above a pattern of waves representing the sea, what Carthage has and controls.

VI. Gaul- The Gallic Tribes Confederacy, ?800BC-50BC; “belief, dignity, power”

The Gaul Confederacy- Gaul was not one kingdom or empire but a set of tribes in the same area, modern day France ruled by different kings and warlord/ generals growing to a powerful confederacy of the tribes that advanced towards areas around it and attacked them. Gaul however is not a common barbaric state but a more advanced and powerful one with full Celtic origins but with traces of Greek and Roman origins too making them the most advances and sophisticated tribes of the part of Europe, they are actually just a little bit more backwards version of the early Romans and people in Italy. The Gauls are strong in battle and have armies with strategies but some times disorderly but having strong soldiers and weapons, with that they ended up having conquests and wars with Rome, Spain, going as far as Carthage, even to Greece by massive invasions; they have skills in crafting, farming, and cavalry rather than being savage tribes. The Gauls fought many wars with the Romans since 200BC and lost some land to them, Gaul was fully conquered by Roman general Julius Caesar and the Romans by 50BC, the Gauls remained and afterwards had a powerful alliance with Rome.

The Gallic faction
The Gallic faction

The Gauls- Culture Type: Barbarian (not completely with Greek and Roman traces); Origins/ base: Gaul (France), partly from Italy and Aegean Greece; System: Feudal, ruled by chieftains and warlords (?800-50BC); Skills: war and conquest, military strength and invasions, crafting, cavalry, farming, trade.

Sample Soldier unit- Gallic Warrior, heavy infantry; melee fighting warrior, high-ranking in Gallic troops; weapon choices of heavy great-sword, Gallic shield, sometimes uses battle-axe; armor used are Gallic helmet, chain-mail armor, and Gallic green tunic and cape; in battle, a close-combat melee soldier.

Others: The Gallic tribes seal of the red wild boar and green background, a barbarian axe and shield, above the Gaul green and red pattern.

VII. Britain- The British (Celtic) tribes Confederacy, ?800BC-50AD; “iron, conquest pride”

The Celtic Confederacy- Britain back in the time of the Romans, before being conquered was not one kingdom or empire but an island made of several barbarian warrior tribes. The Celtic or British tribes from Britannia are a confederation of tribes around the large island ruled by warlord chieftains and have a druid culture. The tribes, like the Iceni are brave, warlike, and strong warriors having an army of frenzied warriors and mostly infantry. As an iron age nation, the British Celts have strong skills in iron and crafting weaponry as well as survival and hunting skills. The British tribes later fought wars with Rome and until 40’s AD, they were conquered by the Romans under Emperor Claudius I, but remained British tribes but sometimes revolted against the Romans, soon the British Celts became Romanized.

The Briton faction
The Briton faction

The Britons- Culture type: Barbarian; Origins/base: the Island of Britain; System: Feudal, tribes ruled by warlords and chieftains; Skills: war, skirmishing and charging, iron smiting, crafting, hunting, warrior infantry with blue painted warriors and chariots, survival skills

Sample Soldier Unit- Celtic tribes warrior, heavy infantry melee and missile infantry (special forces); high-ranking warrior in British tribes; weapons used include javelins, Celtic patterned long-shield, barbarian short-sword, heavy battle-axe; armor used include chain-mail, Celtic sheets and fur (although not supposed to wear chain-mail or blue tunic but shirtless and just fur and sheets), Celtic warrior bronze helmet, blue cape, protections for arms and legs; in battle, a type for frenzied or shocked charging as it is high with blue war paint, melee fighting, and missile throwing infantry warrior.

Others: The Iceni British tribes official seal of a deer with blue background, Celtic war-axe with blue patterned shield and Celtic wool sheets, above a Celtic tribal pattern.

VIII. Germania- The German (Cherusci) tribes Confederacy, ?800BC-20AD“blood, nobility, courage” 

The Germanic tribes- These tribes from the dense woodlands of Germany, northeast of Gaul, the Cherusci in particular is a tribe part of many tribes found in Germany with similar languages and beliefs. The confederation of the barbarian German tribes are ruled by different warlords or war chiefs having fierce and warlike warriors, most skilled in ambush tactics. The German warriors are lightly armed only with few swords and axes with either round, hexagonal, or rectangular wooden shields and also barely armoured, some of them have chain-mail or sometimes just cloth or fur but they are masters in performing surprise attacks by throwing missiles or shooting arrows from above the trees or behind bushes, the warriors are also skilled in doing berserk charges against the enemy. The Germanic tribes live in thick forests beyond the Rhine river, east of Gaul, some have been easily conquered by the Romans in the many years of the German campaigns, sometimes it was impossible for the Romans to beat the Germans’ surprise attacks, and also some of the distant German tribes to the east have never been conquered by the Romans.

The Germanic faction
The Germanic faction

The Germanic tribes- Culture type: Barbarian; Origins/ base: the German woodlands; System: Feudal, tribes ruled by war chiefs; Skills: war, metalwork, hunting, ambush tactics (shock charge, skirmishing, berserk warriors)

Sample Soldier Unit- Germanic tribal berserk warrior (heavy infantry); melee berserk warrior, high ranking soldier in the tribal units; weapons used include berserkers’ war-axe, barbarian short sword, a dagger, and large wooden hexagonal shield; armour used includes animal skin (a bear) over a bronze helmet, chain mail shirt over red tunic, belts and and suspenders to carry weapons and shield, also German tribal pants and boots; in battle, a melee type warrior skilled in performing berserk shock charges at the enemy by striking with the axe first and close combat with the sword and shield.

Others: The Germanic Cherusci tribes official seal at the upper-right, in the lower-right the traditional Germanic tribes war0axes and a round shield, above a traditional Germanic tribal pattern.

This is all for now of my Rome Total War II inspired soldier sketches postcards, it was quite a history lesson of the others kingdoms and empires from the time of ancient Rome. Hope you’ve learned something after this long discussion though it may be interesting. Anyway, this another set of my military drawings postcards but this one had a bit more of description and detail of the ancient world, this is all for now, goodbye!

Military sketches, Renaissance (individuals) part1

Here’s another set of my military figures sketched, one of those things I have always been doing as one of my hobbies. This is a new set and this time it shows not several on one sheet but as individuals with one figure per sheet. There are 9 individual soldier figures on each sheet having their country, its flag, and the country’s design. These sketches this time are of soldiers from the Renaissance times, 9 of them from a different country in Europe, having a different colour in their outfit, and having a set of different weapons and armours or outfits from the 16th-17th centuries.

England- English cavalier musketeer
England- English cavalier musketeer

16th-17th century Figure1: An English cavalier musketeer soldier, 1600’s England, 17th century: This sketch here shows an English musketeer soldier or a cavalier soldier from the English civil war in the 1640’s, a cavalry soldier from the English royal army dressed in the English national red outfit, the 17th century soldier’s coat with musketeer boots, gauntlets, and hat. Weapons: traditional 1600’s weapons, cavalry flint-lock pistol and an English rapier sword. The sheet too shows the English present day flag and the old crest of the 3 lions, the particular design, shown above is the English royal design of the roses and a red a pattern.

Spain- Spanish infantry soldier
Spain- Spanish infantry soldier

16th-17th century Figure2: A Spanish conquistador type infantry soldier, 1500’s Spain, 16th century: This sketch shows an infantry soldier of the Catholic Spanish kingdom/ empire or a conquistador soldier from Spain, probably shown as one in Spain  itself or in the new conquered lands of the Spanish Empire in the 16th century. Wearing the conquistador helmet worn by soldiers with feathers above and the classic Renaissance armour of the chest plate an metal boots and simply just clothes under with balloon sleeves an pants with the Spanish national colours of red and yellow. Weapons: more of traditional 16th century weapons of a Spanish fine steel rapier sword and a musket pistol. The sheet also shows modern day Spanish flag and the Spanish kingdom’s mixed crest of the lion and castle of Castile and Leon and the Aragon red and yellow stripes, above a Spanish pattern of red and white.

Germany/Austria- German heavy infantry soldier
Germany/Austria- German heavy infantry soldier

16th-17th century Figure3: A German heavy infantry or musketeer soldier of the Holy Roman Empire, 1600’s. Holy Roman Empire, 17th century: This sketch shows a heavy musketeer soldier of the more elite forces of Germany and Austria or the Holy Roman Empire from the 30-year’s-war in the 1600’s. However this figure may have the same look as a German soldier from the 16th century too, from both centuries, they actually do look the same. This heavy infantry musketeer soldier from Germany itself during the events of the 1500’s-1600’s wears the same Renaissance soldier’s morion helmet with feathers and under a chest plate armour worn by the heavy infantry musketeer of that time and a san over it wearing a ruff too and under simply just a musketeer’s blue outfit with boots and a yellow cape over, the country’s colour. Weapons: holding a musket rifle held by musketeers and the gun’s focussing and support stand together with a rapier sword sheathed. The beet too also shows the modern day flags of Germany and Austria, which were the main countries of the empire and the Holy Roman Empire’s coat of arms of the black 2-headed eagle with the yellow background, above a black and white German pattern design.

France- French heavy-infantry soldier
France- French heavy-infantry soldier

16th-17th century figure4: a French 16th century heavy armed and special forces soldier of the Kingdom of France, 1500’s. France, 16th century: From the Renaissance French world, this a perfect sample of a French soldier on the figure above, during the French-Italian wars in the 1500’s, also the hight of French Renaissance. This French heavy-infantry soldier is mostly based on the French soldiers shown in a few scenes in Assassin’s Creed Brotherhood in Rome. This French soldier is part of the pikemen unit o the army, as seen wearing a modified Renaissance helmet worn by pikemen in the army, the helmet having feathers blue and white and facial guards to protect the sides of the face. This pikeman soldier wears a heavier version of the Renaissance chest-plate armour for more advanced soldiers, with metal shoulder pads and a larger chest-armor with France’s national blue stripes in the outfit inside and on the sash and sleeves, wearing a French blue cape at the back as the elite soldiers do, with metal boots and gauntlets too. As a heavy-infantry soldier, this one has more choices of weapons and stronger ones, a Renaissance pistol, a rapier sword sheathed and the pikeman soldier’s halberd or lance. The individual sketch sheet also shows the French flur-de-lis in the countries crest and in the French design above, the signature gold flower symbol with the blue background, the modern flag of France shows here too.

Sweden- elite Swedish cavalier musketeer
Sweden- elite Swedish cavalier musketeer

16th-17th century figure5: a Swedish special force musketeer soldier of the kingdom of Sweden, 1600’s.  Sweden, 17th century: From 1600’s Sweden’s advanced kingdom with the superior army, this is a special-force soldier of the advanced, skilled, and organised army of Sweden during the 30-year’s-war in the army of Swedish king and general Gustavus II. This is another fine sample of a musketeer soldier of the elite forces out in battle still wearing the musketeer’s leather hat with the stripe and feathers. Wearing the Swedish army uniform under the musketeer chest-plate armour with a collar and a blue sash, and the uniform of the traditional Swedish blue and yellow, also wearing the new advanced waterproof boots invented by the Swedish army made with both leather and iron. For the weapons, this soldier has more of an advanced choice especially of that of the Swedish army, here it has the musketeer rifle, which is strong and effective but also focussed on a gun-stand held by the soldier, the musketeer’s sword sheathed as an alternate weapon, the gunpowder flasks also kept. The sketch also has the Swedish royal coat of arms, which was then used in its golden age in the 1600’s and above a random design pattern and also with the today Sweden flag.

Netherlands- Dutch infantry musketeer
Netherlands- Dutch infantry musketeer

16th-17th century figure6: a Dutch light infantry musketeer soldier of the Dutch Republic, 1600’s. United Provinces, 17th century: a powerful empire around the world with colonies but having only small territory in Europe, but still powerful at a golden age but with an army not so advanced. The Dutch army was commonly just a citizen army with soldier of less experience and training, like this one shown here, a Dutch citizen musketeer soldier of the lesser forces of Renaissance warfare. The soldier figure just wearing a leather hat  with feathers and not a helmet, under not wearing any chest-plate armour or a national uniform but just a Dutch uniform worn by soldiers, which is just a vest with a collar and a sash but with sleeves and balloon pants. The soldier however with just a vest and clothes but with advanced boots, has a set of weapons held. The soldier’s sketch here olds a common Renaissance soldier’s rifle with the gun stand to focus it and with powder flasks attached, also carrying a musketeer sword sheathed. The sketch also shows the new Dutch Republic’s coat of arms, the lion with the new flag of orange, white, and blue and the Netherlands’ flag today similar to before, above is the traditional Dutch Delft blue and white pattern.

Turkey- Ottoman elite Janissary
Turkey- Ottoman elite Janissary

16th-17th century figure7: an Ottoman Turkish Janissary soldier, elite imperial soldier of the Ottoman Empire, 1500’s. Ottoman Turkey 16th century: this time another figure sketch from Renaissance Europe, this one from another part, the Ottoman Empire, another powerful empire in Europe and Asia, the soldier shown here is a Janissary or elite force soldier of the empire or also the imperial guard of the Ottomans like the Praetorian guard in Rome and the Varangian guard in Byzantium. This soldier has more of the eastern oriental look as it is from Ottoman Turkey but still a strong unit for a Renaissance soldier with a set of new weapons some more effective like the Ottoman rifle, which was thinner but with a more accurate range, the Janissary also holds a Turkish curved scimitar sword. The Janissary soldier wears a cloth headpiece supported by a headgear, part of the Janissary uniform; the outfit is different from the Renaissance soldiers, here it has no armour but thick layers of silk vests and clothes belted and tightly fastened serving as an armour but with colourful patterns and shapes like in Turkish designs. The sketch shows Turkish designs too like above a Turkish rug pattern and the Ottoman crest of the crescent moon and stars and the today Turkish flag. This Janissary soldier figure was partly based on the Janissaries from the Assassin’s Creed Revelations game.

Italy- Italian heavy-infantry soldier
Italy- Italian heavy-infantry soldier

16th-17th century figure8: an Italian elite forces soldier or pikeman soldier from any of the Renaissance Italian states, 1500’s. Italian states 16th century: Italy then in the Renaissance (1500’s) divide into several states like Tuscany, Venice, Sienna, the Papal States ruled by the noble families with armies under them, this soldier shown above, a heavy-infantry elite force soldier serving either of the Italian states, not mentioned which one but. The soldier figure above probably is part of the Tuscan or Papal forces as an elite force soldier with the Italian states colours during Italy’s war with France in the 1500’s. Shown wearing the new helmet designed for Renaissance soldiers and knights, this one with feathers and face-guards. The armour set worn by the unit here is heavier and more detailed than a common Renaissance soldier, near to the Medieval knight’s armour, this one having not just a chest-plate but armour covering the upper legs but opened showing the pants under with no armour protecting the leg, but with armour protecting the shoulders but not the arms still showing the striped sleeves, and a red cape at the back. In the arms and feet, wearing metal gauntlets in the arms and metal boots, making the look of an elite forces soldier then. The soldier also holds a set of weapons, both a Renaissance Italian-made pike, which the pikemen hold and an Italian rapier sword sheathed. The sketch has both the seals of the Italian state of Tuscany and the Papal States since it is unsure which one it serves, together with the today Italy flag. Above is a Renaissance Italian design pattern.

France2- French elite musketeer guardsman
France2- elite French musketeer guardsman

16th-17th century figure9: a French elite musketeer soldier or royal guardsman of the French Kingdom, 1600’s. Kingdom of France 17th century: Here’s another French soldier figure, this time from the 1600’s at the time of the musketeers instead of the Renaissance age with the soldiers still having plated armour, this time there is no armour but the French royal uniform. This one here is a lot different from a French infantry soldier but a French royal guardsman guarding the royal court under the kings of France in the 1600’s, such as Henri IV, Louis XIII, and Louis XIV. This elite musketeer guardsman wears no helmet but a leather hat with feathers, and no single armour at all but a vest and some clothes not usually seen, but as an elite musketeer guardsman, wearing the French royal blue cape sets covering the clothes in front and behind with the royal seal on it. The musketeer has no plated boots and gauntlets but just plain gauntlets and leather boots with metal under. The weapons shown here are a musket pistol and the gun stand to focus it in battle, also a musketeer sword but sheathed. The sketch shows the French royal seal, with no blue background this time, the today France flag and above a French Baroque period design.

Poland- Armored Hussar
Poland- elite Polish Armoured Hussar

16th-17th century figure10: a Polish elite Hussar or elite cavalry soldier of the Polish kingdom, 1600’s. Kingdom of Poland 17th century: This figure over here is a Polish Hussar or elite cavalryman in a standard light armour uniform; the Hussars were originally Hungarian armoured cavalrymen but were hired to serve the kingdom of Poland as their elite warriors, soon enough they evolved to be fully Polish serving Poland in war completely. The Hussars like this shown here has a steel round helmet with cheek and nose protection and feathers above, in addition the armour has wings attached to it as a decoration. The armour the Hussars use are light and not completely body covering but only protecting the chest, shoulders, and upper arms, metal bracers and leg guards are included as well although they did not use capes, the armour used has a Renaissance Hungarian design. This Renaissance Polish Hussar carries the standard Renaissance weapons, shown here is a Renaissance rapier sword, an early pistol which includes gunpowder and musket balls placed on 2 flasks attached to the belt; inside the armour is a red tunic and a neck collar sticking out. The sketch shows the seal of the Polish kingdom, which is a white eagle with red background, also the today Poland flag, and above a traditional Polish pattern design.

Russia- Light Infantry Soldier
Russia- light-infantry soldier

16th-17th century figure11: A Russian light infantry soldier or common soldier of the early Russian empire, 1500’s. Empire (Tsardom) of Russia 16th century: This figure here in the sketch is a light infantry soldier of the early Russian empire when it was newly established in the 1500’s and quickly expanded using not much military force. The Russian soldier shown here is barely armoured in fact only having a helmet only covering the top of the head  and no armour at all, instead it only has a thick green cloak with fur underneath to help survive battle in the cold climate of Russia, it also has belts to hold up the cloak and weapons. This Russian soldier carries 3 weapons, a standard curved Russian sword, a large battle-axe, and a Renaissance musket with additional flasks for powder and musket balls. This soldier may look a little too backwards in time compared to the Renaissance soldiers of the rest of Europe since Russia was not an advanced but Medieval empire in the 16th century, but slowly, the Renaissance was getting to Russia. The sketch also shows the Russian imperial seal of a gold eagle in red background, also the today Russia flag, above is a traditional Russian pattern design.

…….. That’s all for this post of the 9 Renaissance soldier figures, there will be some posts soon about these military figure sketches….. The End

A great work of art from the bathroom

A bathroom in my house, supposed to e mine is currently and will be in no use as a bathroom, so out of imagination and hard work, I converted it into my treasury room or a storage but also a hall of wall frescos with a stained-glass window replacing the ordinary bathroom window. The unused bathroom was then turned to be fresco hall in 2012, when the painting of it began leaving it to be a room of frescos in just 2 months (June-August, 2012). It was then kept that way then in 2013, I planned a restoration for it from June-July, this time changing some of the old styles and putting newer styles, also adding and subtracting to and from some of the old painted tiles. From November-December 2013, it was restored in a minor way, this time   revisions and restoring the damages were done. Then again last July 2014, I did another restoration for it again, this time taking away some of the old worn out ones but adding new styles and figures to it. Working this all is quite a tiring job and only done when I have quite a lot of time. As you can see in this page, the photos are mostly of the 2014 version of my bathroom, the latest restoration project for it.

Scenes from my fresco hall bathroom
Scenes from my fresco hall bathroom

Shown here are 2 highlight scenes of my bathroom taken at different light angles. First is the painted walls of different patterns and designs while shown above is the highlight of the stained-glass in the upper wall of the bathroom. As you can see the wall may mostly be paint in all sorts of designs especially in the important walls having the highlight frescos though some wall tiles may be worn out, these were the tiles from before in 2012 from the first project of this.

Stained-glass window at day
Stained-glass window at day
other shot of stained-glass at day
Lighted shot of stained-glass at day

The stained-glass window is the highlight piece found high on the wall facing the outside. The stained-glass can be viewed in many ways though it is quite impressive if you see it at first. From photos, the stained-glass can have different views corresponding with light. At day, the photos show it clearly visible and though it covers sunlight in the bathroom, you can still see through the colours of the stained glass. Without lights on during day, the colours may seem darker though you can still see it and through the puzzle of colour patterns. On a brighter day, the colours in the window still stay the same but can be seen in a lighter way making the colours lighter and even clearer. The stained-glass plainly shows a colourful puzzle of colour patterns in all sizes, shapes, and directions. The centre of the window shows a colour pattern wheel on the left window with a blank keyhole at the centre where light can come in. The centre section on the right window has 2 columns with different patterns, the left having the French fleur de lis and the Bretagne symbol on the right. In the lower and upper sections of the stained glass, it just shows a checkered pattern of 2 colours repeating; the left blue and red, the right green and red as in the upper section too, the upper left has a blue and yellow pattern; both checkered sections at the bottom have a sort of crest in them, the one on the lower-left is clearer to see as this bathroom’s seal.

stained-glass at dark
Stained-glass at dark
the window, nighttime with artificial lights
The window, nighttime with artificial light

When at night, seeing the window looks completely different especially with the change of light. When dark comes, the appearance of the window will change, especially without the sunlight, it will become bleak and not too visible needing for the bathroom lights to be turned on. With the bright artificial bathroom lights on, the colours come back however not looking its natural self anymore but plain and artificial though the colours can be seen with more detail and the exact colour it was paint with. This stained-glass window seen here is the 2013 version of it as this window was painted with detail in the major 2013 restoration which totally changed the window’s appearance as the patterns were painted on the window itself. However, there was a version earlier to this from when it began in 2012, though the first one did not look as intricate but plain an simple and a little bit too ordinary to look at. This year, the stained-glass of last year was still kept, the window was just repainted by shading the colours thicker and edging them too. The inspiration of the 2nd stained glass from 2013 came from my France trip in 2013, based on the Medieval stained-glass of the churches and medieval castles of France.

remains of the old tiles
Remains of the old tiles
other remains from 2012
Other remains from 2012

The bathroom may have been restored a few times putting new style and patterns especially to the more important tiles, however when it began in 2012, the rest of the other tiles were painted on too though in simple forms only. The major parts of the bathroom have changed and some new designs were aded to the tiles but around the rest of the bathroom, most of the tiles remain in their old condition since 2012, and also have not been restored but remaining in as the ruins of its past with some still intact but some in ruins, some may have been deleted too. The remains of the 1st fresco hall from 2012 are seen in the other parts of the bathroom such as where the sink, the unused shower area and above the toilet coming in all forms randomly. The tiles though could still change having new things on them in the next restorations to come though some of the memories of the 1st tile paintings will remain.

The 8 alcoves wall
The 8 alcoves wall

The 2nd or even the main highlight of the bathroom is the wall or the friend’s wall below the stained-glass. This main wall in the bathroom’s shower box has the form of an altar or crypt showing images of 8 characters with sets of ensigns and colours around them. There are 2 rows here with 4 characters on each with a different colour background and pattern around them. If you look carefully, they seem to be wearing not modern outfits and have modern backgrounds but of Medieval and Renaissance ones especially the clothes, some are shown wearing colourful outfits and some wearing armour with crests, though all the seem to have a weapon. The mystery within this is that these people are existing and could be the circle of friends and those close to myself as I am seen painted here on the 2nd alcove from the left on the upper row. This 8 alcoves wall has already existed too since it began in 2012 though at the start, it looked quite ordinary with less detail and more childish or modern in look. The whole style of this was completely changed in 2013, including the designs of the alcoves and the people in them , some actually remained the same, today only 2 characters remain to be from the original wall, though the appearance of them changed but both of their names and positions still stayed the same. The other 6 of them changed through time as the bathroom was being restored, some characters were not from the original one anymore but were added as new ones as some of the older ones were removed, at any time the characters can change, though actually the designs stayed the same from how it started out in 2013. This part of the bathroom is one of the greatest mysteries, since this actually my hidden, personal square where my personal documents chest is located too and not to be opened by anyone.

Delft tiles in my bathroom
Delft tiles in my bathroom

Looking around my bathroom, new designs on tiles were added through time based on different travels and experiences of mine. This year, a few new designs were added over the old tiles which were erased and turned blank again, though new things adde on them. One of the newly added tile works include 2 blue and white Delft tiles and some more. The delft tiles, just made from blue and white paint show some exact detail making it look real with Dutch designs on them such as flowers an windmills. These blue and white tiles on my bathroom was based on Holland’s Delftware inspired by my Holland trip in 2014.

The Deutschland tile
The Deutschland tile

Strangely seen in the newly painted tiles from this year is a German tile with German colours. This was made towards the end of the restoration last July, when at the same time Germany won the Fifa World Cup of 2014, from their win this tiles was made in memory of Deutschland, no matter what country would have won the world cup then, a tile will be made in memory of whatever country.

My I, Claudius tile
My I, Claudius tile

Another tile, I added from an old one this year was a tile I made for one of my best series of all time, I Claudius from the 1970’s. By being a true fan and highly interested in it, I painted a tile for it having the exact same look on the series’ opening screen with the snake and the words, this was one of my simplest tiles I’ve painted here.

The fresco hall crest and my own seal
The fresco hall crest and my own seal

One of the greatest mysteries here is this seal, having the Medieval look with the 3 fleur de lis above and a tree below is actually my own seal an the bathroom’s seal, something else based on my France trip. This bathroom though was not just born out of my imagination, its designs were inspired by designs of the ages and from my travels and painting it was not so easy but really tiring, though from it, it was all worth it as it brought up a really legendary fresco hall that no bathroom can have. It was just painted using ordinary acrylic paint but all sorts of brushes though from it, it brought up all this, making it be a legendary sight. However being in here, there are rules including do not mess up the hard worked tiles or play around with them, though photo taking is allowed, an also admire and respect this impressive work of art as if it were out of this world………. With this bathroom and its impressive works of art and painting skill being there, it is truly a very great mystery of myself and of everything unexplained why and how it got to be there…… .The End

Sketches and collections of Military Figures from the ages

For quite a time now, I’ve been doing a lot of drawings, for fun but also to express drawing military figures of soldiers with their weapons and armour throughout the ages. One of my great works of this military sketches was my historical army sets or collection showing soldier figures in drawing form from each of the ages from the past and it shows how each of them looked different as they were from separate countries from the past. The periods these sets of sketches I’ve done covers up from the Ancient Greek age (800-300BC), then the Roman age (200BC-300AD) together with its extension, the barbarian invasions or early middle-ages (400AD-800AD), then also another set covering the middle-ages from the time of the Crusades (1100’s-1200’s) and of Medieval Europe (1100-1400), aside from European soldier figures from the ancient and middle ages, another set covers up Medieval Japan during the Samurai times, as shown in the Japanese set. These sketches are shown on different sheets, each period in history has its own sheet with either 2 or 3 soldiers with different types of armour and weapons drawn on them…. Photos shown below:

Ancient Greek set part I
Ancient Greek set part I
Ancient Greek set part II
Ancient Greek set part II

The first set of my soldiers sketches is the Ancient Greek set back-to-back showing 6 sketches of 6 types of figures of soldiers in Ancient Greece. It starts on top with the Ancient Greek set having the pattern of the Greek chain and the Greek flag together with the ancient symbol, then starts the 6 figures of Ancient Greek soldiers. Figure1: a Macedonian soldier from Ancient Greece, a sample of a common soldier with a the Macedonian helmet and the common Macedonian/Greek soldier’s white cuirass armour with a red tunic under, holding a Greek curved sword or kopis, and the round Macedonian shield with a curve. Figure2: a Spartan hoplite commander with a red cloth drape over the leather cuirass armour, wearing the hoplite full helmet with officer’s side crest, on arms an legs wearing plates, holding Greek sword or xiphos and on the other hand the Spartan flag. Figure3: an Athenian hoplite or elite force soldier, with hoplite’s heavy cuirass armour with a tunic inside and blue cape at the back, on arms and legs wearing plates, full hoplite helmet on head, with Greek sword sheathed but carrying Athenian symbol shield and a phalanx spear or dory. Figure4: a Greek archer wearing just a tunic and cape for battle, with a Greek hat on head, holding a bow and arrows behind, with a dagger sheathed. Figure5: a Thracian peltast or skirmisher from Thrace, wearing just a tunic and cloak with the Thracian cap, holding a curved Greek shield with skirmishing javelins and a sling sheathed. Figure6: a Greek/Lydian cavalry soldier not on a horse, holding a cavalry lance, wearing the common white cuirass armour cover with a cape, with a cavalry helmet on head, and a sword sheathed. Thats it for my Greek collection sketches.

Roman set part I
Roman set part I
Roman set Part II
Roman set part II

The next soldiers set that I made was the Roman times set with the title above having the Roman pattern, below showing 6 Roman army figures of all classes from the Roman army. Figure1: a Roman Republic foot soldier from the time of the republic (400-100BC) having a much different look from the advance Roman soldiers, this one just has a common bronze helmet, a chain-mail armour with a chest guard in front, holding a sword an a foot soldier’s shield, this how the soldiers looked earlier on in Rome before the army became advanced. Figure2: a more advanced form of a Roman soldier from later on ruing the time of the late republic and early empire, this auxiliary soldier or just an infantry soldier shows the newer version of the Roman helmet, wears the Roman chain-mail armour with a tunic under and with bracers for the arms and legs, holding an infantry soldier’s shield or parma and a Roman javelin with the sword sheathed. Figure3: the elite force Roman legionnaire cohort soldier, with the elite soldier’s helmet or galea, wearing the legion’s heavy padded armour with a blue tunic under and a cape behind, holding the heavy shield or scutum and the javelin called pilum with the gladius sword sheathed. Figure4: a Roman centurion or commanding officer, with the centurion’s helmet or galea with the sir crest, wearing the centurion’s chain-mail armour with red tunic inside and a cape, holding a gladius sword unsheathed. Figure5: a Roman legion standard bearer, wearing a distinct uniform of the German forces in the legions, wearing the same helmet but with the bearers unique headpiece of animal’s heads (this one using a bear’s head), wearing the scale-plated armour of a different type of forces, with the sword sheathed but holding the Roman legion’s standard. Figure6: the elite Roman Praetorian guardsman, with the special praetorian’s helmet with the crest, wearing the praetorian’s uniform armour of a metal chest plate with their guard’s uniform colour of dark-blue or purple in their cape and tunic, holding their spear or hasta and their hexagonal shield, with the sword and dagger or pugio sheathed. Thats it for my Roman collection sketches.

SCAN0129
The Barbarian Invasions set

The next set of my soldiers sketches is the Barbarian Invasions or early-medieval sketch set only showing 3 types of warriors and soldiers from this period of time. At this period in time, the barbarian forces basically ha almost the same type of armour with fur, capes, helmets, shields, and weapons, it was just that their colours sometimes were different telling the difference of each barbarian tribe whether if they were Goths, Franks, Huns, Slavs, Vandals, or eastern people such as the Sassanids, the new Romans too had a change in their style of armour and army units. Figures 1 and 2: a Goth and a Frank soldier/warrior having nearly the same type of barbarian’s helmets, wearing a set of chain-mail and fur, the Goth wearing a red cape over and the Frank with a blue cape, both wearing barbarian’s pants and boots, the Goth holding a spear and a striped round shield, the Frank holding a Frankish sword and a war-axe sheathed within the round patterned shield. Figure3: the new form of the Roman soldier during the latter period in the Barbarian Invasions and beginning of Byzantium, the new type of soldier with the new form of helmet, also with the new type of Roman armour which is like pieces of thicker chain-mail, holding a spear and a shield with the new Roman crest of PX orPax Romana replacing the SPQR seal, the spatha sword sheathed. Thats all for the late-Roman and early-medieval sketch set.

Medieval set part I
Medieval set part I

The next soldiers sketch set is the Medieval set, the Medieval set has 2 parts in 2 different sheets. Shown above is the Medieval set part 1showing knights and soldiers from the age of the Crusades on the same paper, back-to-back an in collage for. The figures may not be seen as a whole but most of it is till seen and theres more to explain on these 5. Figure1: a Crusader knight of the Hospitallers order, wearing the full helmet on head, with chain-mail armour and crusader’s outfit above the chain-mail with the Hospitaller’s colours of black and white and their symbol, holding a crusader knight sword and the order’s shield with pits colours. Figure2: a Crusader from the Jerusalem knights, with a soldier’s head helmet and chain-mail around the head with the face uncovered, wearing the Jerusalem knight’s colours of red and white over the chain-mail and with a red cape behind, at the back holding the order’s flag and the Jerusalem knight’s shield and the crusader sword sheathed. Figure3: a Saracen soldier, from the opposite Islamic armies from the east, wearing a Saracen cone-shaped helmet lined with a headscarf, wearing eastern plated armour with chain-mail under and a cape over, fully equipped with weapons having the Saracen bow and arrows, with the Islamic sword or kilij sheathed and a having a round Saracen shield too. Figure4: a heavy-infantry Byzantine soldier or the Varangian guard from Medieval Byzantium’s army of brutes and mercenaries, wearing the Byzantine helmet with chain-mail covering the head, wearing the Byzantine gold-plated armour and chain-mail with a thick green cape behind, though not much seen but having a curved Byzantine sword sheathed, holding the Varangian’s phalanx weapon, this type of soldier being a heavy armed hired Nordic soldier of Byzantium. Figure5: a Templar Crusader foot soldier, in a lighter form of armour as the common soldiers do, wearing the common-soldier’s helmet and chain-mail, with the Templar colours of red and white and the symbol in the cloth over the chain-mail, not much seen but holding a war-axe and a short-sword sheathed. Theres still some more to the Medieval soldier’s set on the next slide.

Medieval set part II
Medieval set part II

Above is the next part of the Medieval set, this shows an extension to Medieval warfare and how the soldiers and knights then looked as they were in Europe during the times of warfare. With the knights in Europe and not fighting in the Crusades in the east, the colours of their uniform changes and each country has a different colour, the armour too changed in the next centuries of the middle-ages. Figure1: an English solider from the peasant army of Medieval England, wearing the common helmet and with a piece of chain-mail at the head and body, over the chain-mail wearing a tunic of the English crest and colours usually red, also with a short-sword sheathed and the English longbow with arrows behind. Figure2: an elite French knight also from the time of the hundred-year’s-war,  wearing a full knight’s helmet with feathers, wearing too the full knight’s armour of the elite knights from the late middle-ages though with chain-mail under and the French blue tunic with the country’s crest over, holding in one hand a French longsword and a crossbow on the other. Figure3: an elite Spanish knight from the late middle-ages too, with the full knights helmet having a pointed edge at the front, wearing the full knight’s armour of the late middle-ages thug the chest armour covered with the Spanish knight’s tunic with the red and white colours and the lion crest, parts of the heavy armour still shown like the shoulder plates and the chain-mail under, holding the fine medieval Spanish weaponry like the halberd held upwards and the fine Spanish steel sword sheathed. Figure4: a German common foot soldier from the medieval wars in Europe, wearing just a common soldier’s helmet, the armour only being chain-mail with a tunic over with German colours of yellow and the black eagle as the crest, like any medieval infantry soldier, holding a crossbow with bolts and kept sheathed, a dagger. Figure5: an Italian elite knight, one of the elite knights of Italy’s states, at the head wearing an elite knight’s full helmet with feathers and a visor, the armour this time seen as a whole with the chest armour shown without anything covering it, the armour seen in fine steel and shape but still supported with chain-mail underneath and having a red cape over, holding a mace of finely made Italian weaponry and an Italian shield with the seal of a cross made of fine craftsmanship. Thats it for the Medieval set, next and last the Samurai set.

the Japan Samurai set
The Japan Samurai set

The next and last set of my soldiers and warfare sketches is more a special edition set, the Japanese warfare sketch set in one sheet back-to-back. This one shows 4 figures of both Japanese samurai warriors and common soldiers from Medieval Japan. Some of it may not be seen fully on this collage but the rest to be explained, each of these figures from a different state or clan in feudal Japan at the time of the shogun. Figure1: a Samurai or elite archer from the samurai units, wearing a samurai soldier’s helmet, below with the samurai plated armour placed over their outfits, having a weapon selection of the yumi bow and arrows behind with a katana dagger sheathed. Figure 2: an elite samurai warrior or knight, with the elite samurai helmet and a face mask, wearing the Japanese samurai’s elite armour also placed over the outfit under, with the samurai’s clan’s symbol in the flag behind, with a katana dagger sheathed and holding a katana great-sword on both hands. Figure3: a Japanese infantry soldier from the feudal times, this soldier type not a samurai but an ashigaru wearing the foot soldier’s helmet for the head with a cloth behind, wearing a small piece of armour too but not an elite armour covering most of the body, this one just over the outfit having the chest-guard and shoulder pads together with arm and knee pads too, having 3 strands behind as a signalling material, the dagger and throwing weapon sheathed, holding a naginata or sword-spear. Figure4: another ashigaru soldier but this time a more unique one in Japan’s army of the shogun or the feudal lord, this one is a special type of soldier wearing the same uniform as the rest but this holding a European rifle and a smoke grenade as some soldiers did copying European warfare style in the 16th century, wearing the soldier’s head helmet with a cloth behind, wearing just the common light armour just placed over the outfit but with shoulder, arm, and leg pads, holding a European musketeer rifle as an advanced weapon and a smoke grenade too. From the Japanese set, this is all for now and this was inspired by the game Shogun total war 2, the rest of the sketches sets however were inspired by other sources too including my military figures collection.

my army figures collection
My army figures collection

Collected from different countries, I set up this army figures collections of soldiers from all the ages in history. The collection includes a set of soldier from ancient Greece and Rome, mostly Roman army units either Greek, Roman or barbarian (shown on the first box from above). Another part of my collection is the Medieval collection, in which I have quite a lot more pieces of knights and some samurai too (shown on the lower box). With the different types of soldiers I have in my collection ,I based it for my drawings……… To my collection there is quite a lot more to explain, the collection though is still expanding as I collect more types of soldiers of different countries of different periods in history as I travel.